15 trees, shrubs that give colorful ornamental fruits in autumn and winter 2022
Mahonia aquifolium, the Oregon grape or holly-leaved barberry, is a species of flowering plant in the family Berberidaceae, native to western North America
- Scientific name: Mahonia aquifolium
- Family: Berberidaceae
- Order: Ranunculales
- Width: 2- to 5-feet wide thespruce.com
- Kingdom: Plantae
N perennial or deciduous trees or shrubs, of greater or lesser size, all have in common that during the autumn, they exhibit ornamental fruits of different characteristics and tonalities, which in many cases remain for a good part of the winter.
Fortunately, there are many species, varieties, and cultivars to choose from, although that makes selecting a shortlist more difficult. This selection is just a sample of how much a good number of trees and shrubs can offer that maintain your interest by providing color and structure at a time of year when the garden seems to be duller.
Among these ornamental fruits, shades of red abound, but there is no shortage of pink, white, orange, or purple fruits. Species of the rose family ( Rosaceae ) also abound, and there is more than one of the heather family ( Ericaceae ). They are berries and other small ornamental fruits that, in addition, can become a source of food for birds in autumn and winter and, in some cases, can be used to make rich jams and other products or for medicinal purposes. They couldn’t be more useful (and beautiful).
1. Gaultheria mucronata (chaura)
Formerly included in the genus Pernettya, Gaultheria mucronata is a small evergreen shrub in Ericaceae, native to southern Argentina and Chile. In the volcanic areas of southern Chile, the chakra is one of the dominant plant species above the tree line.
It is frost-hardy and is grown for its glossy dark green leaves and attractive plum-shaped berries 6-9mm in diameter, which turns from white to pink and finally dark purple when ripe.
2. Nandina Domestica (sacred bamboo)
An evergreen shrub of the Berberidaceae family native to China and Japan is grown for its delicate foliage, which changes from green to bronzy red in the fall. However, some chill is necessary for foliage coloration to occur.
White flowers in panicles appear in spring. Its fruits, berries 6-9 mm in diameter on terminal panicles, are bright red, are produced in the fall, and persist through winter.
3. Ilex verticilata (American Holly)
It is a dense deciduous shrub in the family Aquifoliaceae and native to North America, growing up to 2 m tall, with oval, glossy green leaves with serrated edges.
Female plants develop long-lasting, bright red berries in winter. ► More about the genus Ilex
4. Callicarpa bodinieri var. giraldii
Shrub of the Lamiaceae family is distributed from southern China to Indochina and is very popular with English gardeners.
The most popular cultivar is ‘Profusion,’ with pale pink flowers on arching stems and deep purple fruit in autumn. Although most Callicarpa species need two bushes for a good fruit set, this cultivar is fertile and does not require a pollinator. ► More about the genus Callicarpa
5. Cornus Kousa (Asian dogwood)
Native to Japan, Korea, and Central China, this dogwood is a deciduous shrub or small tree best known for its spectacular spring blooms.
But also showy and helpful are the globular pinkish-red to red fruits it produces in late summer, much like raspberries. ► More about the genus Cornus
6. Ardisia crenata
A small evergreen shrub of the Primulaceae family distributed from northeast India to Japan and the Philippines is a plant widely used at Christmas. It is usually grown as an indoor plant in cold climates, although it works well outdoors in gardens with warm temperatures free of solid frosts.
At the beginning of summer, it begins to produce bouquets of aromatic white flowers, followed by intense red fruits in autumn that remain almost all winter.
7. Ilex Aquifolium ‘Silver Van Tol’ (European Holly)
A cultivar of European holly, Ilex Aquifolium, an evergreen tree or shrub with glossy, nearly spineless, ovate, dark green leaves edged with creamy white.
Red berries follow small, white flowers in late spring and early summer. ► More about the genus Ilex
8. Pyracantha Rogersiana Flava
Arching-growing evergreen shrub in the family Rosaceae, with narrow, elongated leaves of glossy dark green
Clusters of creamy white flowers appear in spring, followed by a surprising profusion of small bright yellow berries in autumn. ► More on the genus Pyracantha
9. Sorbus hupehensis ‘Pink Pagoda’ (rowan)
It is a deciduous tree of the Rosaceae family native to China. Columnar in shape, it has pinnate leaves up to 15 cm long with blue-green leaflets that turn red in autumn.
It produces white flowers in spring, followed by spherical white berries that are slightly pink. More on the genus Sorbus
10. Catraegus Persimilis ‘Prunifolia’ (Hawthorn)
A cultivar of C. Persimilis a small tree in the Rosaceae family that belongs to the same genus as the famous hawthorn ( Crataegus monogyna This small deciduous tree native to North America has glossy dark green foliage that turns brilliant shades of yellow, orange, and copper in fall, offering a spectacular fall display
Clusters of small white flowers appear in May, followed by round, deep red fruits that adorn the branches well into winter.
11. Malus hupehensis (ornamental apple tree)
A deciduous tree of the Rosaceae family native to China, Japan, and Taiwan is considered one of the best ornamental apple trees.
It produces masses of scented white flowers, followed by small 2.5 cm greenish-yellow to red fruits in autumn and winter. ► More about ornamental apple trees
12. Arbutus unedo (strawberry tree)
Shrub or small evergreen tree of the Ericaceae family, distributed throughout the Mediterranean region, although it is also found in the Atlantic islands of Ireland, the Canary Islands, the Azores, Madeira, and Cape Verde.
It produces 1.5-2.5 cm red berries with a rough surface reminiscent of strawberries in autumn. The fruits mature in 12 months and are on the tree simultaneously as the small white, occasionally light pink, urn-shaped flowers that gather in pendulous panicles of 10-30 flowers in autumn and warm weather in winter. The berries are edible.
13. Cotoneaster horizontalis
Deciduous or semi-persistent shrub in the family Rosaceae and native to central and southern China and Taiwan, Its glossy dark green leaves turn orange-red before falling off.
It produces small pinkish-white flowers in May, followed by bright red 2cm fruits in autumn. ► More about the genus Cotoneaster
14. Dog rose (wild rose)
The wild rose is a strong-growing deciduous shrub in the family Rosaceae. Its native range is in Macaronesia, northwest Africa, Europe to Central Asia, and Pakistan.
There is an attractive burst of lightly scented flowers in summer, usually pink, followed by the prized rose hips, those orange-red pome fruits that remain on the plant until they change color to color.
15. Mahonia aquifolium
It belongs to a genus of evergreen shrubs very closely related to, and often united with, Berberis, with whom it shares the family ( Berberidaceae ). However, they are very distinct in their invariably evergreen character, simply pinnate foliage, and the absence of thorns on their branches.
This species, native to western North America, produces clusters of bright yellow flowers, most profuse in April and May, followed by abundant small bluish-black berries from late summer to early fall.
What is Mahonia aquifolium used for?
Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium) is a flowering herb that has been used for centuries in traditional Chinese medicine to treat numerous conditions, including psoriasis, stomach issues, heartburn, and low mood.
Is Mahonia aquifolium invasive?
While Mahonia aquifolium, or Oregon grape holly, is an American native that grows in the western part of our country, Mahonia bealei, or leatherleaf mahonia, is a Chinese import that has naturalized throughout the southeastern states and is now considered an invasive.
Can Mahonia grow in full sun?
Mahonia x media prefers part shade but will tolerate full sun if adequately watered. It thrives in most soil types and once established will be drought tolerant. Given sufficient protection from winter winds, Mahonia can be grown in USDA Zones Five through Nine.
How fast does Mahonia aquifolium grow?
Growth: Tall Oregon Grape grows to about 6-8 feet (2-2.5m) tall and spreads by underground stems to about 5 feet (1.5m) wide. It may grow slowly at first as it becomes established, then will quickly grow to its mature size.
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15 trees, shrubs that give colorful ornamental fruits in autumn and winter 2022