Cherry Plums Information: Characteristics, Benefits 2022
Prunus cerasifera is a species of plum known by the common names cherry plum and myrobalan plum. It is native to Southeast Europe and Western Asia and is naturalized in the British Isles and scattered locations in North America.
Species: P. Cerasifera
This is a fruit typical of temperate climates, and its domestic Prunus species is called European plum and Prunus salicin Japanese plum. Known for its fleshy, dark red or purple skin, it belongs to the Spondias purpurea variety of the Rosaceae family.
They are composed primarily of water and carbohydrates. Contains no fat or protein. Rich in fibre, vitamins A, B, C, E and K, iron, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and calcium.
This fruit tree or shrub is deciduous, measuring between 6 and 15 meters in height, with straight branches and a narrow trunk with brownish-grey bark. It blooms between February and April, and seed, stems, and grafting carry out its reproduction, the most common.
It is easy to grow in stony, limestone, alluvial and yellow clay soils, and it can be seen in solitary bunches of 3 to 5 fruits. Its collection must be done by hand due to its fragile texture.
The development of the plant is concentrated in the Caucasus region, Turkey and Iran and among the major producing countries are Germany, Argentina, Chile, China, Spain, the United States and South Africa.
As for the climate, the varieties of the fruit, such as the European one, resist spring frosts while the American and Japanese types adapt to temperature and humidity.
Benefits Of Cherry Plum
The plum is the fruit that comes from the plum tree, which is part of the Rosaceae family and can reach up to five meters in height.
Currently, there are more than 200 varieties, among which the red, yellow, black and green plums stand out, among others, according to information from the Spanish Nutrition Foundation.
The best known is the red one, and it is one of those that provide the most benefits; although they all have similar properties, here we tell you some of them so that you do not forget to consume them.
1. Contains minerals
This fruit contains several minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, iron and magnesium; however, the one found in the most abundant form is potassium. According to the Spanish Nutrition Foundation, although it is not as high as bananas, it provides a good amount.
2. Provide an antioxidant effect
Plums, mainly red ones, contain anthocyanins located in the skin and are responsible for the colour. These give them an antioxidant effect, according to the Spanish Nutrition Foundation. This effect helps fight the signs of ageing.
3. Provides few calories
As explained in an article by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (SAGARPA), the plum provides very few calories, so it is a good option as a snack or to help calm hunger between meals.
4. Rich in fibre
This fruit also provides a good amount of fibre, according to the SAGARPA article cited above. Fibre promotes intestinal function and will help your digestive system work better.
5. Helps fight constipation
The Spanish Nutrition Foundation adds that plums have sorbitol, which provides a laxative effect on the body. This is perhaps one of the best-known properties of this fruit, especially in its dehydrated version.
The red plum has various laxative, antioxidant, expectorant, antianemic and antitussive properties.
It is used for constipation and promotes digestion; It also prevents colon, breast, gastric and lung cancer. Due to its high iron content, you can use it in treatments against anaemia, in addition to fighting cough.
In cases of bronchitis, it helps you expel secretions. Reduces the appearance of blood clots and controls high blood pressure. It lowers cholesterol and blood sugar levels while strengthening bones, skin, and hair.
Due to the size and colour, you will be able to find different varieties, all with thick pulp and red, yellow, white or green colour with different flavours ( bitter, acid and sweet ) with which you will be able to prepare sweets, compotes, jams, cakes, in addition to making wines and brandy.
There are pests such as mealybugs, beetles and aphids that attack fruit crops; they have to be exterminated using known fumigation techniques or, in extreme cases digging up the tree and burning it.
The drupes are obtained in summer, but when selecting them, make sure that they are firm to the touch, without bumps, wrapped in a light matte white powder and avoid handling them as they soften. Enjoy the sweet and fresh smell they give off, but be careful to wash them very well before consuming them.
If you keep them in the fridge, they keep longer. You can get a prune or macerate it in brandy if you prefer dried fruit, thus making your homemade liqueur.
We remind you that there is another way to process this delicious creation of nature, although it takes some time; through the method of drying or dehydrating the fruit, which is very easy because in the oven, microwave, electric dryer or in the sun, it produces the same effect.
Once dry, store it for a long time in a closed glass jar, protected from insects in a dark and cool place. Avoid plastic bags as they get damp and mould the product, and in this way, it will preserve the flavour and its qualities.
In preparations, desserts and infusions, Raw allow you to enjoy the incomparable benefits it provides.
It is a natural antioxidant due to its high vitamin content. Prevents ageing, loss of elasticity of your skin and wrinkles. The boron and magnesium present help you preserve bones, muscles and nerves.
Prune is a low-calorie, fibre-rich fruit that makes you feel full. So integrate it into your diet to lose weight, and if you are an athlete, its minerals will replenish your lost energy.
Please do not lose sight of the time of the plum tree, its availability in the market. Please find a way to consume it, do not waste any of the properties and nutrients. The fiber, vitamins, and minerals will restore your energy and guarantee your health.
Enjoy its juiciness, that flavor between sweet and acid that will make your mouth water.
What are cherry plums good for?
Despite their small size, cherry plums are packed with loads of nutrients and can make a deliciously healthy addition to your diet Cherry plums contain vitamin A as well as vitamin C, both of which are powerful antioxidants and can be used to promote healthy skin and slow down the aging process
Are cherry plums poisonous?
The seeds (also known as stones, pits, or kernels) of stone fruits like apricots, cherries, plums, and peaches do contain a compound called amygdalin, which breaks down into hydrogen cyanide when ingested. And, yes, hydrogen cyanide is definitely a poison. Still, the ingestion should be avoided.
Where do cherry plums grow?
- Grows upright with a rounded to pyramidal habit, up to 15-20 ft. …
- Performs best in full sun or part shade in moist, moderately fertile, well-drained soils. …
- Perfect choice as a single specimen plant or for hedges or screens.
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Cherry Plums Information: Characteristics, Benefits 2022