How To Grow and Care Apricot tree – growing, caring harvesting juicy 2022
Apricot Tree Facts
Apricot tree cultivation is suitable in most western states and regions with a lot of heat and sunlight. As a Mediterranean crop, apricots grow well where spring and summer are warm, and plenty of water is available. Apricots are stone fruits similar to plums, cherries, and peaches.
The apricot tree or apricot is a tree native to Central Asia, probably from the north of the Tien Shan mountains, north of China. Currently, there are natural forests of apricot trees from North Korea to Mongolia, northern China and Manchuria, between 1200 m and 2200 m altitude, and it is believed that the Greeks were the ones who brought it to Europe around the year 400 BC.
Currently, Turkey is the largest producer of apricots (with around 400,000 tons per year), but it is closely followed by Iran (with about 250,000 tons per year) and Uzbekistan. In Spain, regions such as Valencia, Murcia or Albacete stand out for their apricot production, the most representative varieties being the following: build, canino, moniquí, Nancy and pivot.
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- 1 Description
- 2 Apricot tree flowers and fruit
- 3 Pests and diseases
The name of apricot comes from Arabic, which created it from the Latin word praecox (‘precocious’), which refers to its early ripening compared to the peach. In China, the apricot is closely linked to traditional medicine, in which many medicines are used as an essential component.
The apricot tree is a tree that does not reach great heights but usually stays between 3-10 meters maximum. It is a deciduous tree whose branches turn reddish in their early stages and become twisted in their adult stage. which springs up very quickly. It likes permeable soils. It needs a temperate climate. The flowers withstand light frosts and the wood very intense cold, which never occurs in a Mediterranean climate.
In February or March, the flowers open, which can be white or pink. When the leaves are born, they are screwed and, once extended; have a heart-shaped limb and a long petiole. Like most fruit trees, only 20% of the flowers become fruits.
It is a tree that resists periods of drought very well, and, even if it is well-rooted, it does not need watering unless it is during its first year of life.
Despite being a fruit tree that needs cold hours to develop, it mustn’t be affected by late winter frosts or the last frosts of spring. It is more typical of warm and sunny climates, and the best terrain for its planting and development is deep alkaline soil with good drainage. In this way, the apricot tree will not need additional special fertilizer.
Apricot tree flowers and fruit
The deciduous leaves of the apricot or apricot tree are pretty long, reaching up to 10 cm in length and 3.5-8 cm in width. They are solitary flowers or tiny groups (between 2 and 6).
The fruit is small or medium and usually does not measure more than 3-6 cm. It is yellow or orange (depending on the variety), and its flavour is more or less sweet, although those sold in the market have a less sweet and more artificial flavour.
An oil useful in cosmetics can be extracted from the bone. It is one of the earliest fruits: they ripen in May, although there are late varieties that do so in July. The apricot tree is a tree resistant to drought and most diseases, although
it does not support long-standing flooded water.
It is cultivated mainly on irrigated land, although it is also done in dry land if it lacks moisture, it makes the fruits small, although the taste and smell can be excellent in these conditions. Large productions and large sizes only occur when it is grown under irrigation.
There are varieties of apricot with bitter and toxic pits containing hydrocyanic acid, like peaches. Some make them sweet and edible, as are usually the varieties originating in Central Asia and the Mediterranean basin. There are areas of Central Asia where the production of apricots to consume the seed is higher than that of the fruit.
The fruit of the apricot is consumed as food, and the bones obtain apricot oil that has several uses, generally cosmetic. The ground bones are used to clean jet aircraft engines.
pests and diseases
Like all trees, the apricot tree is also exposed to pests and diseases. The fungi that affect the apricot tree are mainly Corina, moniliasis, powdery mildew (Podosphaera Oxyacanthae), lead poisoning (Stereum Purpureum), Fusicoccum and root wilt caused by Armillaria Mellea and Rosellinia Necatrix.
Regarding insects, the most important Are the Mediterranean fly (Ceratitis capitata), the oriental Cydia (Cydia Molesta), the Anarsia (Anarsia Piniella), the red trunk weevil (Cossus colossus), the almond tree weevil (Scolytus amygdala), the white mealybug (Diaspis pentagonal), another species of the Diaspididae family and the Aspidiotus (Quadraspidiotus pernicious).
The bacteria include:
- The bacterial tumour Agrobacterium tumefaciens.
- The Pseudomonas syringe.
- The pathovar.
- The bacterial canker of the dupràcies (Xanthomonas campestris)
Viruses the shark virus causes considerable damage
The apricot tree is a deciduous fruit tree that is larger than the plum or peach tree, some specimens reaching heights of up to 10-12 meters (exemplary from the orchards of Valle de Ricote, Vega Alta and Vega Media), with branches that form a rounded and a pretty wide cup.
The bark of the trunk is purple-brown and cracked, and the branches are reddish and spreading when young and woody from the 2nd year.
When they sprout, and while they are young, their leaves appear rolled up, then bright green on the upper side and paler on the underside. They are oval, irregularly serrated, and somewhat heart-shaped at the base.
At the beginning of spring (somewhat earlier in the warmer areas of the Region) and before the leaves sprout, the first flowers of the apricot tree appear, wholly covered with them as the season begins. The flowers are significant; they appear solitary but in great quantity, covering the entire length of the branches, of beautiful pinkish-white colour, depending on the variety in question.
The fertilized flowers will offer the tasty fruits of this tree, apricots, fleshy fruits of different sizes, depending on the variety, between 5 and 9 cm in diameter. They have more or less orange skin, tinged with red on the part exposed to the sun, a light yellowish flesh that is very fragrant, more or less juicy (depending on the variety), and sweet to sour taste.
The apricot is a reasonably rustic tree, typical of temperate climates, although it resists winter cold. Due to its early flowering, it can suffer from late frosts in cold locations. It requires summer heat for the full maturity of the fruit and is resistant to drought. It grows better in airy and sunny exposures on the plateaus and hills than on the plains, with the best altitude for cultivation being around 200-500 meters.
As for soil, it is very undemanding but prefers warm, dry, light and deep soils, not adapting to strong, cold and humid soils. The permeability of the subsoil is of great importance in this crop since any stagnation of water is fatal for the apricot tree. It takes a significant development in deep lands, and the fruits are of good quality. The trees develop less in badlands (dry slopes) but more fragrant fruits.
The apricot tree is widespread throughout the Region of Murcia, adapting the different varieties to the climatic differences of the regions where it is planted. The ‘moniquí’ variety and the so-called ‘class’ varieties are grown in the municipality of Cieza and Abarán, the ‘Mauricio’ and ‘Valenciano’ varieties are spread throughout the Vega Media, the ‘build’ varieties appear throughout Murcia, and the ‘real fine’ variety is located in the Mula River region.
Use and consumption
The apricot is a fruit widely used for table consumption and making jams and preserves. They are also eaten dry, the so-called ‘orejones’.
Apricots are a rich source of Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, iron, potassium, manganese, fluorine, cobalt and boron.
Last update on 2022-05-20 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API