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Home » What is Magnesium? Properties and benefits 2022

What is Magnesium? Properties and benefits 2022

What is Magnesium Properties and benefits 2022

What is Magnesium? Properties and benefits 2022

Magnesium is a cofactor in more than 300 enzyme systems that regulate diverse biochemical reactions in the body, including protein synthesis, muscle and nerve function, blood glucose control, and blood pressure regulation [1-3]. Magnesium is required for energy production, oxidative phosphorylation, and glycolysis.

Magnesium is important for many processes carried out by the body. For example, it regulates muscle and nervous system function, blood sugar levels, and blood pressure. In addition, it helps form protein, mass, and DNA (the genetic material present in cells).

Magnesium Chemical element
Magnesium is a chemical element with the symbol Mg and atomic number 12. It is a shiny gray solid which bears a close physical resemblance to the other five elements in the second column of the periodic ..

  • Symbol: Mg
  • Atomic mass: 24.305 u
  • Atomic number: 12
  • Electron configuration: [Ne] 3s2
  • Van der Waals radius: 173 pm
  • Valence: two valence electrons
  • Period: period 3

What is Magnesium? Properties and benefits 2022

Magnesium is a mineral that provides nutrients necessary to maintain good health. We all have a dose of it, and we can even consume it through a healthy diet, as it is present in many foods such as legumes, whole grains, milk, yogurt, among others. 

Magnesium can be consumed in various presentations, which, depending on the format, can provide more advantages in a specific health field.

Some fortified foods contain extra magnesium that complements any deficiency. Dietary supplements have been prepared to supply this mineral for patients with magnesium deficiency. And even for those who suffer from a pathology such as a migraine, the doctor can prescribe magnesium-based medications.


  • 1 What is magnesium for? Properties and benefits
  • 2 How to use magnesium
  • 3 Advantages and disadvantages of magnesium
    • 3.1 Advantages
    • 3.2 Disadvantages
What is Magnesium? Properties and benefits 2022

What is magnesium for? Properties and benefits

  • Symbol: Mg
  • Atomic mass: 24.305 u
  • Electronic configuration : [Ne] 3s2
  • Atomic number: 12
  • Density : 1.738 g/cm³
  • Melting point: 650 °C
  • Discoverers: Humphry Davy, Joseph Black

Magnesium enables the body to carry out essential functions. It is necessary for those who usually do a lot of physical exercises. It can be said that there are three general presentations of this chemical compound, which are chloride, carbonate or lactate. Each brings the same benefits. However, they provide advantages in their use. It is certainly vital for the body. Next, I will indicate some services or benefits of magnesium.

  • Strengthening bones and muscles Magnesium inhibits bone resorption, which delays bone degradation while increasing bone formation. It is of great help for the joints, which allows for better physical performance. An interesting fact is that magnesium is added to some infant formulas.
  • Fatigue. It’s natural to feel a bit drained after a hard day’s work or exercise. However, those who are deficient may experience weakness and tiredness. In addition, it contributes to muscle recovery. For this, some sports supplements contain this mineral and that help fight fatigue.

What is Magnesium? Properties and benefits 2022

  • Heart rate. Some medical studies maintain that it reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases and hypertension. Of course, it is also necessary to maintain a good diet. It further reduces the risk of cardiac arrhythmia.
  • Fight constipation. Magnesium chloride and milk of magnesia are very popular, and the reason for this is that they contain this mineral. It is helpful in case of indigestion and laxative. Some products regulate intestinal transit. Water intake during the day must be adequate for a correct response to the supplements.
  • It serves as an antacid or heartburn. Magnesium carbonate relieves acidity or heartburn. Its effect is as practical as bicarbonate Increases the pH of the stomach content, thus reducing the discomfort caused by some foods.
What is Magnesium? Properties and benefits 2022
What is Magnesium? Properties and benefits 2022

It is important to note that the lack of this mineral is sometimes invisible. Deficit symptoms can be very light, hence the importance of being vigilant. For this reason, if you feel decay, constant headache, mood swings, anxiety, constipation, among other symptoms. You can request a medical appointment to determine if the nutritionist is due to the lack of consumption of foods with magnesium. You may be prescribed supplements to help your body function properly.

How to use magnesium

Although it has extensive beneficial properties for the human body, it is necessary not to exceed its consumption. High consumption can cause some discomfort. In general, a good diet can provide the required amount. However, if your doctor prescribes magnesium for you, he will consider both your age and gender.

Magnesium is used in different forms or presentations, which allows you to have a wide choice of uses.

  • Oral format. It can be consumed in tablet, capsule and even powder form. This type of form of consumption allows an effective way to supplement the lack of magnesium in the body.
  • Topic format. According to some studies, it can improve the appearance of the skin. For this reason, some products contain this mineral as a manufacturing ingredient. In oil form (magnesium chloride), this mineral can help acne sufferers, allowing them to enjoy healthy skin.
  • Gels and lotions. These formulations are used to massage and moisturize the skin. You can also find magnesium ointments to soothe some joint pain. In long-term sports such as cycling, it is convenient to use gels with magnesium content to delay fatigue and improve sports performance. Some gels contain only magnesium and others contain carbohydrates, protein, etc.

As for the uses, we can highlight that there are many; some of these benefits are still in the process of being studied to verify their effectiveness. 

The doctor may prescribe the use of magnesium. In addition, depending on the problem you have, migraine, constipation, depression, diabetes ( glucose ), hypertension, fatigue or any other disease, it will tell you the appropriate dose to not ingest more magnesium than necessary.

What is Magnesium? Properties and benefits 2022
What is Magnesium? Properties and benefits 2022

Advantages and disadvantages of magnesium

It can be said that it is preventive medicine, and at the same time, it can be helpful as a treatment for some pathologies. However, it is necessary to understand both the potential behind this mineral as well as its disadvantages of it. Next, we present the advantages and disadvantages of this nutrient.


  • Magnesium supplements can provide you with nutrients that you are not getting from your diet. They are especially recommended for athletes.
  • They can help you in specific situations, such as getting better rest avoiding fatigue.
  • They can help level intestinal transit, which reduces the feeling of heaviness and constipation and even in babies.
  • Supplements prevent magnesium deficiency, avoiding bothersome symptoms such as numbness, mood swings, muscle cramps, nausea, etc.
  • Improved sports performance delays fatigue and can prevent the famous “cramps.”


  • The magnesium obtained from food will never be excessive since the excess is discarded naturally. In contrast, dietary supplements are more challenging to dispose of, so it is essential to use the appropriate amounts for each person.
  • Excessive consumption of this mineral can cause nausea, diarrhea, vomiting and weakness. These are some of the side effects that can appear after an intake much higher than recommended. It will not be a disadvantage if you follow the recommendations of your nutritionist.
  • Excessively high usage can cause irregular heartbeat and cardiac arrest in very severe cases,. It is doubtful that this type of response will occur. It would require a very high intake for a long time.
What is Magnesium? Properties and benefits 2022
What is Magnesium? Properties and benefits 2022
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Frequently Asked Questions: Magnesium

What does magnesium do for the body?

Magnesium plays many crucial roles in the body, such as supporting muscle and nerve function and energy production. Low magnesium levels usually don’t cause symptoms. However, chronically low levels can increase the risk of high blood pressure, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and osteoporosis.

Is it OK to take magnesium every day?

Doses less than 350 mg daily are safe for most adults. In some people, magnesium might cause stomach upset, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and other side effects. When taken in very large amounts (greater than 350 mg daily), magnesium is POSSIBLY UNSAFE.

Does magnesium help you sleep?

Magnesium helps the body relax. This nutrient reduces stress and helps you sleep longer. In contrast, melatonin helps you get to sleep faster. Both magnesium and melatonin can be used to treat insomnia, sometimes even in combination.

What is Magnesium? Properties and benefits 2022

When should I take magnesium?

Therefore, magnesium supplements can be taken at any time of the day, as long as you’re able to take them consistently. For some, taking supplements first thing in the morning may be easiest, while others may find that taking them with dinner or just before bed works well for them.

Does magnesium cause weight gain?

Magnesium is an essential mineral that plays a role in more than 300 functions in your body, many related to the way you metabolize energy. As a mineral, it has no calories and can’t directly cause you to gain weight.

Why you should take magnesium with vitamin D?

Without magnesium present, Vitamin D is stored in the body and not used. The body depends on magnesium to convert Vitamin D into its active form within the body. Magnesium also helps Vitamin D bind to its target proteins, as well as helping the liver and the kidneys to metabolize Vitamin D.

  • Magnesium In Food
  • Magnesium Supplement
  • Magnesium Deficiency
  • Magnesium Side Effects
  • Magnesium Tablets
  • Magnesium Daily Intake
  • Magnesium Powder
  • Magnesium For Sleep

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What is Magnesium? Properties and benefits 2022

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